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Perceived Self-efficacy and Headache-Related Disability
DJFrench, PhD; KHolroyd, PhD; etal
Posted Nov 2000
HEADACHE, September 2000
Objective: The objective of the present study was to construct and
validate a brief measure of headache specific self-efficacy and to examine
the relationship between self-efficacy and headache-related disability.
Results: As predicted, patients who were confident they could prevent
and manage their headaches also believed that the factors influencing their
headaches were potentially within their control. In addition, self-efficacy
scores were positively associated with the use of positive psychological
coping strategies to both prevent and manage headache episodes and negatively
associated with anxiety. Multiple regression analyses revealed that headache
severity, locus-of-control beliefs, and self-efficacy beliefs each explained
independent variance in headache-related disability.